A Brief History Of Photography

History of Photography

It’s pretty clear that in 2020, everyone acknowledges the impact of photography on modern culture. Don’t believe it? Just take a moment and scroll through your social media.

The story of photography is fascinating. In almost 200 years, the camera went from being a plain box to the high-tech mini computers found in today’s DSLRs and smartphones.

However, the concept of camera emerged long before the concept of photography.

The Ancient Camera

The earliest known record of the camera was found in the Chinese text called Mozi, dated to the 4th century BCE but it wasn’t until an Iraqi scientist developed something called the camera obscura in the 11th century that the art of photography was born.

                                                                            Camera Obscura
 

The camera obscura used a pinhole in a tent to project an image from outside the tent into the darkened area and the camera did not actually record images, it simply projected them onto another surface. 

World’s first Photograph

The first ever photograph that was actually made in a camera was taken in 1826 by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce in France. This image was captured via a process known as heliography.

                                                                                Image source

Photography had become familiar as a form of art in the 1840s. Since then, photography has become a growing hobby for people worldwide and has become a multi-billion dollar industry.

Artistic concept of photography

From Newton’s study of white light to George Eastman’s photographic film, the invention of photography is considered as a scientific achievement and apart from the scientific and business perspective, it also contains a great art value that represents day to day life in a frame.

The artistic concept of photography was first introduced by  Alfred Stieglitz, an American photographer and modern art promoter. He was instrumental in making photography an accepted art form. 

At the end of the black and white era, colour photography was the next step that took place in the early 1940s. Modern photography started with the concept of color photography.

Art and technology has come a long way since camera obscura. Today the techniques and artworks of different photographic genres play a key role in influencing and redefining culture, trends, and traditions.

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